The Aesculus genus (Buckeyes and Horse Chestnuts), comprises of nineteen species of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs native to the temperate northern hemisphere.Six species are native to North America and the rest are native to Eurasia. Its name comes from the 'buckeyes,' a small, dark brown nut with a light patch resembling the eye of a deer, which grows inside a rounded prickly fruit capsule. The name "buckeye" is an American term, referring to the fruit-nuts of native species … The yellow buckeye is a rugged beauty, with its thick bark, interesting yellow spring blooms, and striking orange fall color. The flowers are yellow tinged with green, borne in erect panicles, 6 to 7 inches long by 2 to 3 inches wide from middle to late April. Ohio buckeye can be a shrub or a medium-sized tree, depending on site conditions, with branches drooping with upcurved ends. 2. In parks and yards, it serves as an attractive and dense shade tree suitable as a pleasing focal point or a visual screen. The compound palmate leaves are dark green above, yellow-green and pubescent beneath in youth and smooth at maturity. Probably the most commonly encountered throughout South Carolina is the native red buckeye (Aesculus pavia var. Proper tree identification is the first step to understanding and managing our forests. The buckeye tree, also known as the Ohio buckeye, is a deciduous tree native to the central and Great Plains regions of the United States. Texas Buckeye. It is one of the first trees to leaf out in the spring. Twelve species exist, native to North America, southeastern Europe or eastern Asia. Yellow Buckeye is a large tree with an upright to slightly-spreading crown. There are two main types of Aesculus species; The North American Aesculus species are known as Buckeye … 1. Look at the leaves - a buckeye tree has very distinct leaves, which is a bunching of five oval shaped leaves. In the fall buckeye trees are one of the first to turn color - If you are looking for buckeyes you often go in the early fall when the buckeyes are falling. The Ohio buckeye is a neatly rounded tree with low, sweeping branches and dense foliage that provides deep shade. The genus Aesculus (/ ˈ ɛ s k j ʊ l ə s / or / ˈ aɪ s k j ʊ l ə s /), with varieties called buckeye and horse chestnut, comprises 13–19 species of flowering plants in the soapberry and lychee family, Sapindaceae.They are trees and shrubs native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere, with six species native to North America and seven to thirteen species native to Eurasia. People colloquially call trees and shrubs in the botanical genus Aesculus either buckeye or chestnut trees. The Texas Buckeye is a native tree classified as a small multi-trunked tree or large shrub. The Ohio state tree, it thrives in this central location, but can also be found growing further south in isolated cases.Its botanical name, Aesculus glabra, is derived from the Greek God of medicine, Aesculapius. There are six Aesculus species that are native or are established in South Carolina, especially in rich, moist (mesic) woodlands, along river edges and ravines. Leaves are opposite, palm-shaped compound, with usually 7 leaflets; leaflets 4–6 inches long, 1½–2½ inches wide, broadest in the middle, margin finely toothed; upper surface bluish- or grass green; lower surface paler, smooth. It features distinctive, large palmate leaves and white-to-yellow spring blooms that grow in large clusters. TREE BARK IDENTIFICATION white oak yellow-poplar black walnut PB1756-10M-6/05 R12-4910-053-001-05 Programs in agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development, family and consumer sciences, There are 2 obvious signs to look for when finding a buckeye tree. There are eight hybrids in the Aesculus genus.. The large, spiny fruit appears in summer and produces large, shiny black seeds.